Tawassul is when a person seeks to become nearer to Allah through performing certain actions or deeds, and it is the source of great division in the Muslim Ummah today. The disputes stem from what is considered to be permissible Tawassul, and acts which are not permissible in Islam, yet certain deviant groups have tried to claim that these acts are also Tawassul.
In this lecture, Abu Mussab Wajdi Akkari goes over the topic in great detail, with clear references to what is allowed, and what should be avoided when performing Tawassul. He mentions there are 3 types of Tawassul – Permitted, Shirk, and Innovated, with the latter 2 falling outside the bounds of Islam.
Tawassul is mentioned twice in the Quran, but perhaps the best reference to Permitted Tawassul is from the hadith of the 3 men trapped in a cave by a huge stone, which is found in both Bukhari and Muslim. They each supplicated to Allah, asking him to remove the stone based on a particular past good deed, and the stone was removed. It is also permitted to ask a righteous person to make dua for you.
Shirk Tawassul is when a partner is associated with Allah, such as a dead saint or Wali, either directly or through his good deeds. This is major shirk and will expel a person from Islam. Innovated Tawassul is when a person may call upon Allah through the virtue or status of Muhammad with Allah or sometimes they say by the right that Muhammad has over you. Muhammad has no rights over Allah and these practices have been newly innovated.
Abu Mussab Wajdi Akkari also covers the hadiths that the deviants use to try and condone their practices, and points out that all of them are classed as weak or fabricated, except for 2 hadith in which they have twisted the meanings for.
The first hadith is when after the death of Muhammad, Omar used to seek rain through Muhammad’s Uncle, and ask him to make dua for the Ummah. If they claim this as proof then the question arises: Why did Omar ask the Uncle if he could have just sought rain through a dead man, such as Muhammad?
The second hadith is when an old blind man asked Muhammad for his eyesight. Muhammad asked him to go home and make dua, and he also made dua to Allah. This brings two questions forward. Why didn’t the blind man just ask through Muhammad without visiting him, and why can’t any blind man today use the same dua to get immediately healed?
Check out this Innovated Tawassul video
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